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The online version of the SIL Bibliography contains a subset of over 29,000 citations from the more than 40,000 publications representing 75 years of SIL International's language research in over 2,700 languages.
Finding Resources through SIL.org's (as of 2 August 2012) Bibliography can be a challenge at times - Maybe even a time-wasting endeavor. Time wasting because it might not be very useful to consult the online Bibliography.
The challenging aspect which affects usefulness is primarily three fold:
- Items known by SIL to have been created by SIL staff may or may not be listed. (The on-line Bibliography is a sub-set.)
- Items listed in the Bibilography may or may not have digitally accessible resources.
- Items created by SIL staff may or may not be in the bibliography because they have not been submitted to the Language and Culture Archive (managing division of the SIL Bibliography).
In a team framework where there are several members of a research team and the job requirements call for the sharing of bibliographic data (of materials referenced) as well as the actual resources being referenced. In this environment there needs to be a central repository for sharing both kinds of data. This is true for small localized (geographically) groups as well as large distributed research teams. New researchers joining a existing team need to be able to “plug-in” to existing foundational work on the project and be able to access bibliographic data as well as the resources those bibliographic details point to. It is my point here to outline some of the current challenges involved in trying to overcoming the collaborative obstacle when working in the fields of Linguistics and Language Documentation.This sentiment is echoed by many in the world of science. Here is someone on Zetero’s forums [INSERT LINK]. (Though Zetero does claim to combat some of these issues.)
Bibliographic Data v.s Citation Data
Today I was looking at a new way to set up some monitors for my work computer. After we move to Eugene, Oregon my job should change a little. It looks like I will be doing some business consulting and some UX designing based on the outcomes of this business consulting. Then for “fun” I will also be working with an archive digitizing some linguistics texts and publishing a few items which have been sitting on my “To – Do” shelf. As I was considering this, I was thinking about my computer use habits and how much do I want to be in Eugene and indoors on my computer. Continue reading
Some researchers in linguistics (in my acquaintance) have been less than excited about the notion of asking for socio-linguistic data or socio-personal data from language informants. The objection has been that it is just bad form. While I am a great advocate of personal privacy (especially in digital formats), I see that one of the most informative parts of the language documentation process is understanding who the speakers being recording or being worked with are. Language variation is fundamentally connected with identity. While crucial elements of how a community segments itself along identity lines may not be known for several years, having a robust socio-cultural or socio-personal questionare about the language informants will later help place the documentation data in perspective of the larger waves of variation in the community.
This is to say, I am thoroughly convinced that a socio-linguistic questionare is important as part of the language documentation process. It might not need to be done first, but it will help researchers and future users of archived material understand where to place these speech samples in context of that speakers society.
The outstanding question, and one with a variable answer is how to appropriately approach the questions in the questionare. Should the questionare be approached formally? Or should it be asked in conversational format? Should it be elicited digitally? One of the interesting things about eliciting things digitally is that they may have the appearance to be less intrusive because they are less formal. While I have no empirical evidence based on years of cross cultural work, I do have the Facebook phenomena. That is minority language users all over the world are using Facebook. And Facebook is collection (and allowing the users to volunteer) and then verifying the users’ provided data.
Below is a list of elements which Facebook is collecting (it is also collecting log-in locations and times). So, some of these questions are certainly in-scope of what language documenters would minimally like to know about their indigenous language speaking informants and collaborators. Others of these questions are certainly not in-scope for the recommended socio-linguistic profile from language documenters or socio-linguists.
FaceBook data catagories on user profiles.Data Facebook Collects about users through their profile and activities.
from: https://www.facebook.com/help/326826564067688 on 23 August 2012.
|What info is available?||What is it?||Where can I find it?|
|About Me||Information you added to the About section of your timeline like relationships, work, education, where you live and more. It includes any updates or changes you made in the past and what’s currently in the About section of your timeline.||Activity Log|
|Account Status History||The dates when your account was reactivated, deactivated, disabled or deleted.||Expanded Archive|
|Address||Your current address or any past addresses you had on your account.||Expanded Archive|
|Alternate Name||Any alternate names you have on your account (ex: a maiden name or a nickname).||Expanded Archive|
|Apps||All of the apps you subscribe to.||Expanded Archive|
|Birthday Visibility||How your birthday appears on your timeline.||Expanded Archive|
|Chat||A history of the conversations you’ve had on Facebook Chat.||Downloaded Info|
|Check-ins||All of the places you’ve checked into.||Downloaded Info
|Connections||The people who have liked your Page or Place, RSVPed to your event, installed your app or checked in to your advertised place within 24 hours of viewing or clicking on an ad or Sponsored Story.||Activity Log|
|Currency||Your preferred currency on Facebook. If you use Facebook Payments, this will be used to display prices and charge your credit cards.||Expanded Archive|
|Current City||The city you added to the About section of your timeline.||Downloaded Info|
|Date of Birth||The date you added to Birthday in the About section of your timeline.||Downloaded Info|
|Deleted Friends||The people you’ve unfriended.||Expanded Archive|
|Education||Any information you added to Education in the About section of your timeline.||Downloaded Info|
|Emails||Email addresses added to your account (even those you may have removed).||Expanded Archive|
|Events||Events you’ve joined or been invited to.||Activity Log|
|Family||Friends you’ve indicated are family members.||Expanded Archive|
|Favorite Quotes||Information you’ve added to the Favorite Quotes section of the About section of your timeline.||Downloaded Info|
|Friend Requests||Pending sent and received friend requests.||Expanded Archive|
|Friends||A list of your friends.||Downloaded Info|
|Gender||The gender you added to the About section of your timeline.||Downloaded Info|
|Groups||A list of groups you belong to on Facebook.||Downloaded Info|
|Hidden from News Feed||Any friends, apps or pages you’ve hidden from your News Feed.||Expanded Archive|
|Hometown||The place you added to hometown in the About section of your timeline (profile).||Downloaded Info|
|IP Addresses||A list of addresses where you’ve logged into your Facebook account.||Expanded Archive|
|Last Location||The last location associated with an update.||Activity Log|
|Likes on Other’s Posts||Posts, photos or other content you’ve liked.||Activity Log|
|Likes on Your Posts from others||Likes on your own posts, photos or other content.||Activity Log|
|Likes on Other Sites||Likes you’ve made on other sites off of Facebook.||Activity Log|
|Locale||The language you see on Facebook is based on where you’re located.||Expanded Archive|
|Logins||IP address, date and time associated with logins to your Facebook account.||Expanded Archive|
|Logouts||IP address, date and time associated with logouts from your Facebook account.||Expanded Archive|
|Messages||Archive of messages you’ve sent and received on Facebook.||Downloaded Info|
|Name||The name on your Facebook account.||Downloaded Info|
|Name Changes||Any changes you’ve made to the original name you used when you signed up for Facebook.||Expanded Archive|
|Networks||Networks (affiliations with schools or workplaces) that you belong to on Facebook.||Expanded Archive|
|Notes||Any notes you’ve written and published to your account.||Activity Log|
|Notification Settings||A list of all your notifications and whether you have email and text enabled or disabled for each.||Expanded Archive|
|Pages You Admin||A list of pages you admin.||Expanded Archive|
|Phone Numbers||Mobile phone numbers you’ve added to your account.||Expanded Archive|
|Photos||Any photos you’ve uploaded to your account.||Downloaded Info|
|Physical Tokens||Badges you’ve added to your account.||Expanded Archive|
|Pokes||A list of who’s poked you and who you’ve poked.||Expanded Archive|
|Political Views||Any information you added to Political Views in the About section of timeline.||Downloaded Info|
|Your Posts||Anything you posted to your own timeline, like photos, videos and status updates.||Activity Log|
|Posts by Others||Anything you posted to someone else’s timeline (profile), like photos, videos and status updates.||Activity Log|
|Recent Activities||Actions you’ve taken and interactions you’ve recently had.||Activity Log|
|Registration Date||The date you joined Facebook.||Activity Log|
|Religious Views||The information you added to Religious Views in the About section of your timeline.||Downloaded Info|
|Screen Names||The screen names you’ve added to your account, and the service they’re associated with. You can also see if they’re hidden or visible on your account.||Expanded Archive|
|Searches||Searches you’ve made on Facebook.||Activity Log|
|Spoken Languages||The languages you added to Spoken Languages in the About section of your timeline.||Expanded Archive|
|Status Updates||Any status updates you’ve posted.||Activity Log|
|Subscribers||A list of people who are subscribed to you.||Expanded Archive|
|Subscriptions||A list of people you subscribe to.||Activity Log|
|Tag Suggestions Template||A unique number based on a comparison of the photos you're tagged in. We use this template to help your friends tag you in the photos they upload.||Expanded Archive|
|Work||Any information you’ve added to Work in the About section of your timeline.||Downloaded Info|
|Videos||Videos you’ve posted.||Activity Log|
In July I presented a paper at CRASSH in Cambridge. It was a small conference, but being in Europe it was good to see many of the various kinds of projects which are going on in Digital Humanities and Linguists, or also Cloud Computing and Linguistics. One particular project, TypeCraft, stands out as being rather well done and promising was presented by Dorothee Beermann Hellan. I think the ideas presented in this project are well thought out and seem to be well implemented. It would be nice to see this product integrated with some other linguistics and language documentation cloud offerings. i.e. Project Lego from the Linguist’s List or the Max Planck Institute’s LEXUS project. While TypeCraft does allow for round tripping of data with XML, what I am talking about is a consolidated User Experience for both professional linguists and for Minority language users.
A note on foundational technologies:
- It appears that Lexus is is built on BaseX with Cocoon and XML.
- The front page of TypeCraft has a very Wikipedia like feel, but this might not be the true foundational technology.
- Linguist’s List often does their work in ColdFusion and the LEGO project definitely has this feel about it.
Thursday was Moving Day. Well, Packing Day. We had over 200 boxes inventoried and labeled. Many of our friends from church and work came to help us load up the truck. Unfortunately, even with all of that preparatory packing, there were still about 20 boxes and two chests of my stuff that needed to be packed. I need to take a lesson from my bother Jon – purge often and purge a lot – but then he is not the one interested in archiving and content management, I am.So on Friday, my friend Jeremy and I finished and put the bulkhead in place. 900 cu. feet – though not completely solid. God is gracious. We originally wanted make Tuesday our pack and leave day, but we were delayed by having to spend an extra two nights in Philly. So, Thursday became the new Tuesday. And God knew what he was doing – it has been cooler temperatures these last few days. I do not feel like our stuff will bake in the truck.
I found for some of my blog posts I need a screens shot plug-ins for my browser. So I first downloaded and installed, Awesome Screenshot Capture. However, after a recent update my browser was running slowly. So I investigated and found each page load was being referenced to
superfish.com. I knew that I had not installed a plug-in which should be contacting
superfish.com. So I had to look around I did some Googleing and discovered that
superfish.com has a package which can be used by plug-in developers to monetize their Open Source software. Basically the developer gives away their product for free, while
superfish.com gets their user browsing data and pays the developer some sort of fee for helping them collect the data. (The best review I can find explaining how this works.)
While I have nothing against the business model and the plug-in works well, I feel a bit undercut. See, when I installed the plug-in it did not contain the
superfish.com addition. My update program told me I needed to update so I did. I trust Firefox, and I trusted the developer. So, I feel that this was a bit of a switch-and bait tactic used by the developer, or certainly a “change in business direction”. While the plug-in is technically Open Source, unless one is code savvy, the code is not going to change. While one could say that I should have read the reviews, the reviews were not necessarily there when I installed the plug-in.
In my case superfish.com was still being contacted when the plug-in was was told not to activate that part of the plug-in. So I went and found another plug-in in the FireFox extensions repository.
This is the lesson:
Not all Open Source software is good for you, and sleazy things can happen with updates. So read the update notes and the reviews when updating.
Becky and I were flying standby and coming back from our trip in Europe. We had been bumped from a couple of flights and were desperate to get home. So we took a flight which ended in Little Rock, AR rather than Dallas, TX. On the drive to Dallas there was quite the electrical storm. Since I shot my first picture of lightning in Germany, I have wanted to give it another go. This was the perfect opportunity. I pulled off the highway onto a secondary road and drove about a mile before pulling off to the side. Because we were flying standby our checked baggage, including my tripod, were already in Dallas waiting for us – not good when you want to use it before you get to Dallas. So, I improvised. I used the trunk of the rental car and my camera strap for leveling. Here is what I was able to shoot.Continue reading
On the way back from Switzerland Becky and were convinced to stay with my Aunt in New Jersey for two nights. Continue reading